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Author Archives: Dr. Suraj Lunavat

Kidney Stone Treatment in Pune


Urological diseases are very common and can affect anyone. Urological diseases affect the urinary tract in females and the reproductive organs in males. They can be short term or chronic and can cause acute pain and discomfort. Therefore diagnosis and treatment at the right time are very important.

Dr. Suraj Lunavat Urology Clinic in Pune

A urologist is an expert who has specialized skill and knowledge regarding problems of the male reproductive organs and the male and female urinary tract. Due to the variety of clinical problems encountered, knowledge of internal medicine, gynecology, pediatrics, and other specialties is required of the urologist. Urologists also perform surgeries on patients when required. The organs that urologists treat are the kidneys, urethra, urinary bladder, male productive organs, and uterus. There are also urologists that focus on a specific specialty area, and these include pediatric urology, male infertility, and urologic oncology. If you are looking for the Best Urologist in Pune, then look no further Dr. Suraj Lunavat is the first preference for all your urology treatments.

Dr. Suraj Lunavat – urologist in Pune

Urologists work in the specialized area of urology, and they perform examinations of the urinary tract and reproductive organs in order to diagnose diseases, infections, cancer, and disorders. Urologists are needed to do surgeries sometimes to take out the kidney stones and other obstructions in the urinary tract which may be causing symptoms in patients. If a patient is exhibiting signs of incontinence or other issues of the urinary system, they are sent to a urologist for a further examination. Urologists treat and diagnose patients with interstitial cystitis, enlarged prostates, overactive bladder, and prostatitis.



  • Urinary incontinence.
  • Prostate cancer.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia.
  • Bladder cancer.
  • Interstitial cystitis.
  • Calculus.
  • Kidney cancer.
  • Prostatitis.
  • Overactive bladder.
  • Hematuria.
  • Lower urinary tract symptoms.
  • Peyronie’s disease.
  • Male infertility.
  • Hypospadias.
  • Cryptorchidism.
  • Neurogenic bladder dysfunction.
  • Vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Urinary retention.
  • Varicocele.
  • Hypospadias..

If you experience any similar symptoms, it is highly recommended to contact your doctor immediately. It is necessary that you take urology treatment on time, and from a reputed doctor. For more information on this, contact us now.

Visit our clinic: https://goo.gl/maps/3wPgwJCZZQb55QrW8

Contact: +919823527037

Stricture Urethra – Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

What is Stricture Urethra?

The urethra’s main job in males and females is to pass urine outside the body. This thin tube also has an important role in ejaculation for men. When a scar from swelling, injury, or infection blocks or slows the flow of urine in this tube, it is called a urethral stricture. Some people feel pain with a urethral stricture.

The usual symptoms faced by such a patient are:

  • decreased force of micturition
  • narrowed/ thin urinary stream
  • straining to pass urine
  • sense of incomplete emptying

Common causes for stricture formation:

  • a history of previous catheterization or urethral procedure
  • trauma
  • past sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhoea

This condition can easily be diagnosed by a few simple tests such as uroflowmetry and retrograde urethrogram

Symptoms of Stricture Urethra:

Urethral Stricture can cause numerous symptoms, and the most obvious sign is a weakened urinary system, which can vary from mild to severe. Some signs and symptoms of a urinary stricture include:

  • Weak urinary stream
  • Straining to pass urine
  • Frequent urine infections
  • Spraying of the urine system
  • Taking a long time to pass urine
  • Sense of incomplete bladder emptying
  • Frequent desire to pass urine owing to incomplete emptying

Some of the patients with severe urinary strictures are not able to urinate completely (acute urinary retention) and require immediate medical attention.
Urinary stricture can also cause prostatitis, a complicated urinary tract infection, in which the enlargement and inflammation of the prostate gland take place. Also, some patients develop secondary bladder stones because of incomplete emptying of the bladder.

Without treatment, urinary strictures can cause kidney infections and bladder stones, and it can also cause bladder enlargement, which may become dysfunctional with time. The selection of treatment for urinary strictures depends upon the severity and length of the stricture. Dr. Suraj Lunavat is one of the best urologists who provide Urethral Stricture Surgery in Pune.


Urethral Stricture Surgery Treatment in Pune, at Dr. Lunavat Urology Clinic, involves the latest treatments, interventions, and tests to detect the disease. Therefore, Dr. Suraj Lunavat can provide effective ways to manage and prevent this problem.

The diagnosis involves:

  • Physical examination
  • Cystoscopy
  • Urine flow test or uroflowmetry
  • Retrograde urethrogram and micturating cystourethrogram

For a safe and effective urethral stricture surgery, consult the certified and experienced urologist in Pune Dr. Suraj Lunavat.

Causes of urethral stricture:

In males during the urination process, the urine is carried out by the urethra from the bladder via the penis and is excreted from the urethral meatus. In urethral strictures, the male urethra becomes narrower in shape. The urethral stricture occurs due to chronic inflammation or the formation of scar tissue.

Reasons for the formation of scar tissue are as follows:

  • An injury to the scrotum, the penis, or a straddle injury
  • An infection that occurs mainly due to sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia.
  • Use of instruments and catheters during surgery or examination of the bladder or urethra

The scar tissue narrowing the urethra causes difficulty in urinating. A weakened urinary system is the most obvious symptom of urethral strictures.

In severe stricture cases, patients are not able to urinate completely. This is an emergency medical condition known as urinary retention. Renal failure and hydronephrosis may also occur in long-standing cases. A urethral stricture causes inflammation and enlargement of the prostate

Therefore, internal urethrotomy is a safe and reliable process for the management of urethral strictures.

Dr. Suraj Lunavat, One of the best urologists in Pune, provides the best possible treatment for urethral strictures.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Causes, Risk Factors and Treatment

The prostate is a gland which is located beneath bladder of men that transports urine from the bladder out of penis (urethra) passes through the center of the prostate. When the prostate enlarges, it begins to block urine flow.

Most men have continued prostate growth throughout life. In many men, this continued growth enlarges the prostate enough to cause urinary symptoms or to significantly block urine flow

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate gland enlargement is most common condition men older than 60 years of age. It causes uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

The cause of prostate enlargement is not entirely clear. However, it might be due to changes in the balance of sex hormones as men grow older.

Some of the risk factors of prostate enlargement includes:

  • Aging:  Most of the time it is observed in men older than 60.
  • Family history: Person with blood relative with prostate problems is more likely to have problems.
  • Diabetes and heart disease: Person with diabetes, as well as heart disease and use of beta blockers, that might increase the risk of BPH.
  • Lifestyle: Obesity increases the risk of BPH, while exercise can lower your risk.

Symptoms of Enlarged prostate

The severity of symptoms in people who have prostate gland enlargement varies, but symptoms tend to gradually worsen over time.

Common signs and symptoms of BPH include:

  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder

Less common signs and symptoms include:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Inability to urinate
  • Blood in the urine

Complications of an enlarged prostate can include Sudden inability to urinate (urinary retention), Urinary tract infections (UTIs), Bladder stones, Bladder damage and sometimes Kidney damage

When to see urologist?

If you are facing urinary problems then you should discuss them with doctor. Even if you don’t find urinary symptoms bothersome, it’s important to identify or rule out any underlying causes. Untreated, urinary problems might lead to obstruction of the urinary tract.

Dr. Suraj Lunavat, One of the best urologist in Pune, provides best possible treatment for prostate enlargement including medications and prostate laser surgery. To choose the best option, first he test the size of prostate, other health conditions you might have and patient’s preferences. He is one of the best doctor for prostate enlargement in Pune.

Ureteroscopy in Pune For Kidney Stones

Ureteroscopy is done to remove small stones from ureter & is a non-invasive procedure. Care Well Medical Centre is offering Ureteroscopy in Pune at the best cost with best of quality treatment & services.

With so many technological advancements that had come up there is no doubt. That you get the best of the medical help at great pricing. Taking of which, Ureteroscopy is one such process that is a perfect example of technology. In this process, there is a small yet flexible telescope called ureteroscope which is inserted in the ureter and bladder. It is done in such a way that stones can be detected in the right manner along with some other problems. If there are any that are related to urinary tract. The surgeon with the help of such process can examine the ureteral stone. Which is located inside the ureter without any kind of problem.

It is one of the popular processes to detect stones in the ureter as it gives accurate results in less time span. Under this Ureteroscopy surgery in Pune. The doctor inserts a small yet flexible forceps in the bladder to the lower ureter which automatically collects the stones and pulls them. The surgery is also an outpatient process that can only be performed by the expert with years of experience in this field. With this process, the surgeon can access the 2/3rd of ureter without any kind of hassle. If you are planning to get this treatment done, make sure you are pretty much careful with the surgeon that you choose.

The best part about this treatment process is along with diagnosing. It can also help you get rid of number of stones irrespective of the size. As long as you have ureteroscopy performed by the doctor. You can be relaxed by the fact that you will get best solution. This treatment as compared to ESWL treatment is the best one to deal with. It includes the kidney stone fragmentation done with the help of helium laser device. It is undoubtedly secured and of course gives the best possible results. Once the treatment is over, no doubt that recovery process can be pretty quick, but you need to also understand that you must pay extra attention with the diet plan you follow.

How is Ureteroscopy performed?

Under this process, your local anesthetist will give you a dose by which there will not be any kind of sensation in the ureter. Then doctor will insert the ureteroscope into the urethra while sliding it into the bladder. There is a sterile liquid which flows throughout the scope to make sure it fills bladder. So, that the stretch can be easily achieved to make it convenient for the doctor to view the wall of the bladder. Once the bladder gets filled with liquid, patient usually feels discomfort and want to urinate. Doctor of course would release some liquid or employ the bladder the moment examination is done.

During the time of scope insertion till the removal of the same, there are few minutes in which doctor will decide the problem and accordingly treat it. Once the biopsy is done by taking the small sample of the tissue the process can last longer.

What are the Benefits?

Talking about the advantages, there is no doubt that this process is a perfect way to clear the ureteral and kidney stones. It is the most convenient way to inspect the kidney and ureter visually which even the radiologic treatment might not help. There are other injuries and structures which are also conveniently inspected. This is certainly the best way by which the stones can be checked and the right treatment is offered to the patient. The results are accurate and the treatment makes it further convenient for the patient to get received quite sooner. In the single session you will notice the fragmentation of the stones being done.

Why it is done?

Many people wonder the reason behind performing this type of process. Of course the new patients, might get tensed to see such type of option coming up. But it is also true that if you are looking out for some healthy options by which you can get rid of kidney stones and deal with other issues related to urinary tract then certainly. This is the right step to be taken. With this option, it becomes convenient for the urologists to get rid of stones that are accumulated in the ureter or the kidney. This is undoubtedly a new technology that has come up which can also help to deal with the small stones of kidney.

It might be difficult but is perfect solution with accurate results. If there is any kind of ureteral injury, tract infection, bleeding, or even the pain in the belly area. It is better that you immediately speak with your doctor about the same instead of ignoring.

After Care

Once the treatment gets over, you may notice some blood passing by the urine for next 2-3 days. There are also good chances for the people to go home the same day of the process. If, there is no complication noticed. At times, during the recovery stage, a patient may feel a burning sensation while urinating. However, this doesn’t lasts longer and it is always better to drink a lot of water as a part of aftercare process.

For the best Ureteroscopy treatment consult Dr. Suraj Lunavat one of the best urologist in Pune.


PCNL Treatment
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a mildly invasive surgery for removing kidney stones. Classically stones more than 2 cm in size are removed through this procedure. However, with modernization and miniaturization of instruments, stones as small as 1cm in size can be removed through mini PCNL or ultra-mini PCNL.
What are the indications of undergoing a PCNL?

PCNL is required if: –

  1. A patient has a large stone burden (classically more than 2 cm). At times the entire kidney is filled with branched stones (staghorn calculus), or if there are multiple large stones in all calyces of the kidney.
  2. In cases of stones which have not been fragmented after ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy).
  3. Stones in locations of the kidney which are not suitable for removal using flexible ureteroscope, i.e. RIRS (Retrograde Intra-Renal Surgery).
  4. In certain cases of malformed kidneys such as horseshoe kidney where one can attempt a laparoscopic-assisted PCNL.

What are the advantages of PCNL over an open surgery for stone removal?

  1. Avoidance of a large skin incision which in turn is cosmetically better.
  2. Experience less post-operative pain
  3. Earlier resumption of normal diet
  4. Early ambulation of the patient
  5. Early recovery and hence early return to work/normal activities.

What are the contra-indications to doing a PCNL?

This surgery is not advised in certain conditions such as: –

  1. If there is urinary tract infection. A sterile urine culture is a pre-requisite to this surgery. In case of documented urine infection, the patient needs to be treated with antibiotics and a urine culture repeated to confirm the absence of infection.
  2. Patients who are on blood thinners, in such cases, the medicines need to be stopped for 7-10 days in consultation with the physician who prescribed them.
  3. This procedure is not done for pregnant patients because of the fluoroscopy (X-ray exposure) involved.

What preparations does a patient undergo before this surgery?

  1. Before undergoing this surgery your urologist will order radiological investigations to determine the presence, number, and location of stones in the kidney. This provides him with an important road-map to plan the surgery most importantly the site of puncture into the kidney which is the most important step to establish a tract from the skin into the kidney. An IVP (intravenous pyelogram), an NCCT (a non-contrast CT scan) and an X-ray KUB can be helpful in this regard.
  2. A few blood tests will be required to assess patients’ fitness for surgery both from the urologist and the anesthetist’s point of view. This includes: –
    • Kidney function tests
    • Liver function tests
    • Complete hemogram
    • Bleeding and clotting profiles
    • Viral markers (HBsAg, anti-HCV, HIV I and II)
    • Urine culture (a test to find out urinary tract infections)
    • Chest X-ray
    • ECG3
  3. If patient is a smoker, the doctor advises stopping smoking at least a week or two before the procedure.
  4. Patients are instructed to stop the consumption of certain medications due to various reasons.
  5. Patients are usually admitted on the day of surgery with overnight fasting.

What are the precautions to be taken after discharge?
• In most cases after discharge, the recovery is uneventful.
• Some patients have a little pain in the back while passing urine.
• For the initial 2-3 days, urine may be slightly reddish/pinkish.
• Patients are advised to take a bath every day.
• In case of fever/shivering or passing dark red-colored urine they should contact their treating urologist immediately.
• Patients are advised to refrain from exercises/heavy physical activities for a period of 4 to 6 weeks post-surgery.

What are the known complications of this surgery?

In experienced hands, this minimally invasive surgery is very safe. However, all surgical procedures carry some risk. In the case of PCNL the following complications can occur: –

  1. Inability to access the stone/establish a tract from the skin to the stone inside the kidney. In such scenarios, the surgery may have to be converted to an open approach for removal of stones.
  2. Infection and sepsis
  3. Possible injury to blood vessels inside the kidney leading to bleeding. This at times necessitates blood transfusion.
  4. Formation of arterio-venous fistulas post surgery leading to delayed bleeding. This has to be corrected by angioembolization.
  5. Injury to other intra-abdominal organs such as lungs, colon, liver, spleen, stomach, etc.

Evaluating the Signs of an Enlarged Prostate

Enlarged Prostate Treatments

Signs and the requirement for treatment change with each man’s enlarged prostate also called benign prostatic hyperplasia. And every method has its advantages and dangers. These factors must be considered as you decide how to treat your BPH signs.


Your Quality of Life With an Enlarged Prostate

If your enlarged prostate signs are soft and not annoying, there’s possibly no need for treatment. 1/3 of men with soft BPH find that their signs clear up without treatment. They may just watch and wait.

However, when enlarged prostate signs are annoying or are influencing your quality of life or overall health, it’s time to talk to your physician about the treatment choices. Together you will decide if you would profit most from medication, a minimally invasive procedure, or surgery.

It’s essential to speak with a doctor when you start noticing differences in the urinary role. You need to Know what’s going on so you can be treated for an enlarged prostate if needed. For many men, particularly those who are young when the prostate begins building, getting early treatment can head off difficulties later on.


Evaluating the Signs of an Enlarged Prostate

To help your doctor know how annoying enlarged prostate signs are for you, the American Urological Association (AUA) has developed a BPH Symptom Index. This is a brief survey that asks about specific signs and how often they occur. Each answer is assigned a number — and your total is placed on a scale varying from mild to critical.

A score of 0 to 7 is considered a mild sign score; 8 or over is considered easy to critical.

The AUA suggests the next treatment for enlarged prostate based on the hardness of signs:

Mild signs that don’t hurt you (AUA score 0 to 7): If you are not disturbed by your signs, and they don’t change your regular life, prepared to wait is the best choice for you. You should get routine checkups to make sure that you are not producing difficulties.

Mild to critical signs (AUA score of 8 or more): If you are not disturbed by your signs, you may choose prepared waiting. However, if your signs do begin to interfere, you may take medication, a minimally invasive method, or operation.

Mild to critical signs (AUA score of 8 or more) with complications: If signs are annoying and you have increased difficulties such as disability to urinate, you may require a catheter, surgery, or other methods.

Cancer Treatment : Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer


Just men have a prostate. It is a minute gland that sits below the bladder near the rectum. It environs the urethra, the way in the penis during which urine and semen pass. The prostate organ is an element of the male reproductive system. It produces most of the liquid that makes up semen that enriches sperm. The prostate is frequently described as being the size of a walnut and it is usual for it to grow as men age. The prostate needs the male hormone testosterone to grow and enlarge.  At times this can cause problems, such as difficulty urinating. These harms are common in older men and not always symptoms or signs of cancer.


In the early stages, here may be no symptoms. Within the later stages, some symptoms of prostate cancer might include:

  • Feeling the common or sudden need to urinate
  • Finding it hard to urinate (for example, trouble starting or not being able to urinate when the feeling is there or poor urine flow)
  • Distress when urinating
  • Ruling blood in urine or semen
  • Pain in the lower back, higher thighs or hips.

The particular symptoms may not mean you have prostate cancer, but if you experience any of them, go and see your doctor.


Factors that are most powerfully linked to an enlarged chance of developing prostate cancer:

Age: Prostate cancer is an age-dependent syndrome, which means the chance of growing it increases with age. The risk of receiving prostate cancer by the age of 75 is 1 in 7 men. In the age of 85, this increases to 1 in 5.

Family history: But you have a first-degree male relative with prostate cancer, you have a higher chance of raising it than men with no such history. The risk increases over if more than one male relative has prostate cancer. Risks are too higher for men whose male relatives were diagnosed when young.


STAGE I: cancer involves only one lobe of the prostate.

STAGE II: The cancer is recovered or involves both lobes of the prostate. But, it has not spread outside the prostate.

STAGE III: cancer has spread outside the prostate connecting adjacent organs such as the seminal vesicles.

STAGE IV: cancer has extended to the bones and other parts of the body.

Another system for risk assessment of prostate cancer is the D’Amico System, which combines the PSA level, the Gleason score on the basis of biopsy and clinical stage based on radiological examination.


A doctor will frequently do a blood test and/or physical examination to test the health of the prostate.

Blood check (Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test): The result shows whether there is an increase in this specific protein. Depending on the product, you might need further investigation with a specialist. A high PSA test outcome does not necessarily mean cancer. Prostate diseases other than cancer can as well cause a higher than normal PSA level.

Digital Rectal Examination (DRE): Since of where the prostate is located, the doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to check the mass of the prostate and assess if there are any abnormalities. A normal DRE effect does not rule out prostate cancer.


But your tests prove you may be at risk of prostate cancer, the next step is a biopsy. A biopsy is the only method a firm diagnosis of prostate cancer can be made. A urologist removes small samples of tissue from your prostate, using very thin, hollow needles guided by an ultrasound. The prostate is also accessed through the rectum (transrectal) or the perineum (transperineal), which is the area between the anus and the scrotum. A biopsy is typically done as an out-patient system and the doctor will likely advise a course of antibiotics afterward to reduce the chance of infection. The tissue is sent to a pathologist to recognize whether the cells are malignant (cancerous) or benign (not cancerous).

Dr. Suraj Lunavat is an expert in the Enlarge Prostate Treatment in Pune , Kidney Stone Treatment with Laser technique, Urinary tract infection treatment, Urinary cancer diagnosis and treatment, treatment of female urinary problems, treatment of urinary and bladder stones and treatment for urinary obstruction With the 10 years of experience in the industry He deals with the surgical aspects of diseases of the kidney, bladder, and prostate.


Enlarged Prostate Treatment

Enlarged Prostate: A Complex Problem

There are several treatments for enlarged prostates (BPH), but all have side effects and possible complications. Find out what to expect — and how to decide.

All his life, he slept similar to a stone. But now, there’s an annoying trip to the bathroom each night, sometimes once or twice a night.

For mainly men, these nightly bathroom runs may be the first sign of an enlarged prostate. Other symptoms may include trouble starting a flow of urine, leaking, or dribbling. And, like gray hair, an enlarged prostate is a normal by-product of getting older, doctors say. Problem is, the nightly bathroom runs become more frequent — eventually edging their way into the daytime routine.

“They can’t sit through a gathering or a plane flight without getting up,” says Kevin Slawin, MD, a professor of urology at Baylor School of Medicine in Houston. “It’s extremely annoying … and when they have to go, they really have to go.”

It’s a problem to has several names — enlarged prostate, kind prostate hyperplasia, or simply BPH. According to the National Kidney and Urological Disease Information Clearinghouse, the most general prostate problem for men over 50 is prostate enlargement. In age 60, over one-half of men have BPH; by age 85, the number climbs to 90%, according to the American Urological Association (AUA).

Enlarged Prostate Symptoms and Causes

In men, urine flows as of the bladder through the urethra. BPH is a benign (noncancerous) enlargement of the prostate that blocks the flow of urine during the urethra. The prostate cells steadily multiply, creating an enlargement that puts pressure on the urethra — the “chute” through which urine and semen exit the body.

Your Quality of Life with an Enlarged Prostate

But your enlarged prostate symptoms are mild and not bothersome, there’s likely no need for treatment. One-third of men with mild BPH find that their symptoms clear up with no treatment. They may just watch and wait.

Though, when enlarged prostate symptoms are bothersome or are affecting your quality of life or overall health, it’s time to talk to your doctor about the treatment options. Together you will

decide if you would benefit most from medication, a minimally invasive procedure, or surgery. It’s important to speak with a doctor when you begin noticing changes in urinary function. You want to find out what’s going on so you can be treated for enlarged prostate if necessary. Used for many men, especially those who are young while the prostate start growing, getting early treatment can head off complications later on.

Time to Do Something about Your Enlarged Prostate?

Mainly men put up with an enlarged prostate for months, even years, before seeing a doctor, says Slawin. “while they’re getting up several times a night, and have trouble falling asleep again, that’s when they come in,” he tells WebMD.

It’s not always clear what’s going on, Slawin adds. “While men start having urinary problems, it’s hard to know the reason. They must see a doctor when anything changes, because there can be bladder cancer, stones, prostate cancer. BPH is often a diagnosis of exclusion … behind we make sure nothing more serious is going on.”

Watchful Waiting with an Enlarged Prostate

while the symptoms of an enlarged prostate gland are mild, with low scores on the BPH Impact Index (less than 8), it can be best to wait before starting any treatment — what’s known as “watchful waiting.”With regular checkups formerly a year or more often, doctors can watch for early problems and signs that the condition is posing a health risk or a major inconvenience. That’s wherever the BPH Index is especially helpful, Westney tells WebMD. “It let us know how high the symptom score is … when to start treatment.”

The “pouring might in treatment,” she explains, is whether the symptoms are affecting your quality of life — and whether a blockage is causing serious complications, such as inability toward urinate, blood in the urine, bladder stones, kidney failure, or other bladder problems.


About Urologist

About Urologist

What is a urologist?

Only put, we are surgical specialists who treat people for problems and diseases of the urinary tract and male reproductive system. A few of the organs we look after include the kidney, prostate, bladder, urethra, testes, penis and associated glands.

But you are having any issues related to the over areas then a urologist can help by discussing the problem, probing you, investigating and reaching an accurate diagnosis. Though there is a common misconception that we only treat men, urologists actually treat men, women, and children. Our main responsibilities contain planning and undertaking surgery, using various methodologies to treat problems and prescribing medications.

Toward become a urologist, we first have to become a qualified doctor before specializing. These resources that as well as in-depth skills and knowledge in urology, we also have broad, general medical knowledge.

Several urologists treat general diseases of the urinary tract while others specialize in the following areas:

Male infertility – focusing on troubles that prevent a man from conceiving children.

Female urology – focusing on the situation of a woman’s reproductive and urinary tract.

Neurourology – focusing on urinary problems caused by the situation of the nervous system.

Urologic oncology – focusing on cancers of the urinary tract, counting kidneys, bladder, prostate, and testicles.

Pediatric urology – focusing on urinary troubles in children.

Conditions we treat

We have knowledge in the medical and surgical management of conditions such as kidney, bladder and prostate cancer, kidney stones, incontinence, infection, pelvic floor problems, sexual dysfunction and traumatic injury to the urinary tract. We can also perform vasectomies and kidney transplants.

In children, urologists treat the following conditions:

Undecided testes – wherever one or both of the testes have not descended into the scrotum at birth;

Bladder exstrophy – wherever the skin over the bottom part of the stomach doesn’t form properly leaving the bladder open and exposed;

Hypospadias – wherever the meatus, which is where urine exits from the urethra, is located on the underside of the penis instead of the tip;

Epispadias – wherever the urethra and bladder do not form normally and the pelvic bones don’t sit together.

Symbols or symptoms that must be seen by a urologist

A urologist can offer comprehensive consultative, diagnostic and treatment services in a range of areas but below are some examples of symptoms that must be seen by a urologist.

 Male fertility

Any part of male fertility should be referred to a urologist as a small percentage of male infertility is caused by testicular cancer. Testicular cancer can be life-threatening but early diagnosis significantly increases the chance of endurance and the signs can often be missed by primary care and fertility doctors.

Blood in urine

The occurrence of blood in urine can be caused by a number of different conditions, and whereas some are not serious and often determine themselves, blood in urine can be a symptom of a urinary area infection or more a more serious disorder such as kidney disease or cancer. Since a result, this should never be ignored and should be checked out by a urologist.

Bladder control problems or pain

A further name for this is urinary incontinence and it is a common problem among women. An urologist can work out treatment options, including workout to strengthen the pelvic muscles, medication, implanted devices and surgery. But you are finding it painful to urinate, it could be a symbol there is an infection in the urinary tract caused by bacteria. Urologists can determine the cause of the virus and recommend treatment options.

Erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction, where the penis is unable to reach enough rigidity to participate in sexual intercourse, can be a indication of an underlying condition and bigger health issue. Men can at times avoid coming to see us if they recognize a health issue to be embarrassing, but it is important to remember that we’re friendly, approachable professionals who you can trust.

What to expect during your visit

Toward see a urologist you will need a referral from your GP to ensure that we are the appropriate person for your condition, so if you have any urinary tract or male reproductive issue ask your GP about how to book an appointment. We resolve have been given notes from the doctor who referred you, but we will still ask questions about your symptoms and medical history.

Depending on your symptoms and what we think is necessary for your individual situation, we might perform the following tests and examinations:

Dr. Suraj Lunavat is a highly experienced Urologist in Pune who has a special interest in the laser treatment of kidney stones, prostate, and Pediatric Urology. He has earned MBBS, MS in General Surgery and Diplomate of National Board (DNB) – Urology/Genito – Urinary Surgery.

Treatment for Kidney Stones

Kidney Stone Treatment in Pune

How do health care professionals treat kidney stones?

Health care professionals commonly treat kidney stones based on their size, location, and what type they are.

Little kidney stones may pass through your urinary tract without treatment. If you’re able to pass a kidney stone, a health care professional may ask you to grab the kidney stone in a special container. A health care professional will fire the kidney stone to a lab to find out what type it is. A health care specialist may advise you to drink bounty of liquids if you are able to help move a kidney stone along. The health care specialist also may prescribe pain medicine.

Larger kidney stones or kidney stones that chunk your urinary tract or cause great pain may need urgent treatment.If you are vomiting and dehydrated, you may need to go to the hospital and get fluids through an IV.

Kidney stone removal

A urologist can take away the kidney stone or break it into small pieces with the following treatments:

Shock wave lithotripsy. The surgeon can use shock wave lithotripsy to blast the kidney stone into small pieces. The lesser pieces of the kidney stone then pass through your urinary tract. A surgeon can give you anesthesia throughout this outpatient procedure.

Cystoscopy and ureteroscopy. Through cystoscopy, the doctor uses a cystoscope to look inside the urethra and bladder to find a stone in your urethra or bladder. Through ureteroscopy, the doctor uses a ureteroscope, which is longer and thinner than a cystoscope, to see detailed images of the lining of the ureters and kidneys. The surgeon inserts the cystoscope or ureteroscope through the urethra to see the rest of the urinary tract. One time the stone is found, the doctor can remove it or break it into smaller pieces. The surgeon performs these procedures in the hospital with anesthesia. You can typically go home the same day.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The surgeon uses a thin viewing tool, called a nephroscope, to locate and remove the kidney stone. The surgeon inserts the tool directly into your kidney through a small cut made in your back. For larger kidney stones, the doctor also might use a laser to break the kidney stones into smaller pieces. The surgeon performs percutaneous nephrolithotomy in a hospital with anesthesia. You know how to stay in the hospital for several days after the procedure.

Once these procedures, sometimes the urologist may leave a thin flexible tube, called a urethral stent, in your urinary area to help urine flow or a stone to pass. just the once the kidney stone is removed, your doctor sends the kidney stone or its pieces to a lab to find out what type it is.

The health care professional also may ask you to collect your urine for 24 hours after the kidney stone has approved or been removed. The healthiness care professional can then measure how much urine you produce in a day, along with mineral levels in your urine. You are more possible to form stones if you don’t make enough urine each day or have a problem with high mineral levels.


Health care professionals typically treat kidney stones based on their size and what they are made of.

How can I prevent kidney stones?

To help avoid future kidney stones, you also need to know what caused your previous kidney stones . one time you know what type of kidney stone you had, a health care professional can help you make changes to your eating, diet, and nourishment to prevent future kidney stones.

Drinking liquids

In most cases, drinking enough liquids each day is the best way to help avoid most types of kidney stones. Drinking sufficient liquids keeps your urine diluted and helps flush away minerals that might form stones.

While water is best, other liquids such as citrus drinks may also help avoid kidney stones. Some studies explain that citrus drinks, such as lemonade and orange juice, protect against kidney stones because they contain citrate, which stops crystals from turning into stones.

Except you have kidney failure, you should drink six to eight, 8-ounce glasses a day. But you before had cystine stones, you may need to drink even more. Speak with a health care professional if you can’t drink the recommended amount due to other health problems, such as urinary incontinence, urinary frequency, or kidney failure.

The quantity of liquid you need to drink depends on the weather and your activity level. But you live, work, or exercise in hot weather, you may need more liquid to replace the fluid you lose through sweat. A health care professional might ask you to collect your urine for 24 hours to determine the amount of urine you produce a day. But the amount of urine is too low, the health care professional may advise you to increase your liquid intake.


But you have had a kidney stone, a health care professional also may prescribe medicines to prevent future kidney stones. Depending on the type of kidney stone you had and what type of medicine the health care professional prescribes, you might have to take the medicine for a few weeks, several months, or longer.

For instance, if you had struvite stones, you may have to take an oral antibiotic for 1 to 6 weeks or possibly longer.

But you have another type of stone, you may have to take a potassium citrate tablet 1 to 3 times daily. You may have to take potassium citrate for months or even longer until a health care professional says you are no longer at risk for kidney stones.

Hyperparathyroidism surgery

Public with hyperparathyroidism, a condition that results in too much calcium in the blood, sometimes develops calcium stones. Action for hyperparathyroidism may include surgery to remove the abnormal parathyroid gland. Remove the parathyroid gland cures hyperparathyroidism and can prevent kidney stones. Surgery sometimes causes complications, including infection.

Dr. Suraj Lunavat is the Best Urologist in Pune and his Urology Clinic is one of the largest corporate clinics in Pune constantly achieving excellence in Urological treatments. We offer comprehensive treatment for urology and nephrological conditions. The organization specializes in providing services in the areas of Urology, Andrology, and Pediatric Urology.

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